South Carolina Archives
Confederate Pension Applications, 1919-1929
CALL NUMBER: L 46117
CREATOR: York County (S.C.). Board of Honor.
Act No. 176, 1919 S.C. Acts 275 established a Confederate Pension Department under the direction of a commissioner and a seven-member board and required all existing pensioners to reapply. The state board appointed a three-member board for each county to approve applications from local residents. Eligible pensioners included all veterans and widows over the age of sixty who had married veterans before 1890. The state pension board set the compensation and adjudicated any disputes forwarded from the county boards. The General Assembly provided $500,000 to pay for pensions. Changes the following year (Act No. 609, 1920 S.C. Acts 1099) eliminated the state board, named the comptroller general as pension commissioner, and authorized the local veterans camp to hear appeals of each county board's decision.
Act No. 63, 1923 S.C. Acts 107 allowed African Americans
who had served at least six months as cooks, servants, or
attendants to apply for a pension. Then in 1924, apparently
because there were too many applications, the act was
amended to eliminate all laborers, teamsters, and non-South Carolinians by extending eligibility only to South Carolina
residents who had served the state for at least six months
as "body servants or male camp cooks."
INDEX/FINDING AID: Names of applicants, witnesses, and commanding officers; places of residence; and selected subjects including military units and the term "Blacks, Confederate Service" are indexed in the repository's On-line Index to Confederate Pension applications. For this series, an attempt was made to standardize the names of military units in this index.
County records relating to pensions and related records are described in Patrick McCawley, Guide to Civil War Records: A Guide to the Records in the South Carolina Department of Archives and History, published by the repository in 1994.
ADDITIONAL FORM: Digital images of the
applications are linked to index hits from the On-line Records Index on the
repository's web site. Entire series also available on
microfilm from the repository.
Lists of persons receiving pensions were printed as part of the annual reports of the Comptroller General in the series Reports and Resolutions to the General Assembly beginning in 1888. The 1901 list from the 1902 Reports and Resolutions has been reprinted in Brent H. Holcomb, editor, South Carolina's Confederate Pensioners in 1901 (Columbia, S.C.: SCMAR, 2001).
The repository also holds county copies of pension
applications and county pension lists from a number of other
counties. The South Caroliniana Library at the University of
South Carolina holds a Lexington County list of pensioners
beginning in 1897.