South Carolina Archives
Township Grants, 1735-1761
CREATOR: Secretary of State. Recorded
TITLE: Township grants
VOLUME: 5.00 volumes
ARRANGEMENT: Series arranged chronologically.
BIOGRAPHICAL/HISTORICAL NOTE: The township system was created to
encourage denser settlement on the frontier and greater white immigration to the
province. Although similar schemes with this intent had been proposed earlier,
the system did not achieve fruition until Governor Robert Johnson proposed a
comprehensive scheme to the Board of Trade in 1730. The board agreed to the
substance of the plan and instructed Johnson to establish eleven townships, each
to be located at least sixty miles from Charles Town and to consist of 20,000
Each settler was to receive fifty acres for each person in the household and a
town lot. S.C. Statute 1731(3)289 appropriated monies for the cost of surveying
the townships and purchasing tools and equipment for poor immigrants. The
provincial government granted the immigrants land free of the usual fees. The
tools and provisions were known as the bounty and the fee-free grants as bounty
grants. Not all township settlers were immigrants or bounty recipients.
Township grants initially were recorded with the other land grants. This series
was created in 1735 when the secretary began separate volumes of specialized
grants concurrent with the main series. Some township grants were recorded in
the Colonial Land Grants series or, if bounty grants, in the Bounty Grants
SUMMARY SCOPE NOTE: This series consists of records on pre-printed forms
of lands and town lots granted in the townships. Each entry includes the name of
the grantee, the number of acres granted; the lot number of the town lot, if
any; the township and county in which the grant was located; the boundaries,
with the names of surrounding landholders; the quitrent requirements; the
conditions of the grant; the certification date of the plat; and the date of the
grant. Bounty grants are so annotated. The final volume in the series (2G)
was used to record other types of grants after 1759.
INDEX/FINDING AID: The 429 grants in this series that were not copied
into Colonial Land Grants (Copy Series) are included in the repository's On-line
Combined Index to Multiple Record Series, 1675- 1929, and in the Combined
Alphabetical Index produced by the repository on computer output microfilm (COM)
in 1991. These indexes include the names of the grantees and surrounding
landowners and all geographic locations and features mentioned in the grants.
The numeric code 0002 007 was used to designate this series in the computer
output microfilm index.
The names of the grantees (only) in all the volumes in this series, which bear
the letter designations DD, EE, FF, and GG, are included in the nineteenth
century consolidated index to the 2-letter volumes of the Colonial Land Grants
series. Volume EE was divided into two parts when it was restored in 1966. The
volumes also contain internal indexes.
GENERAL NOTE: Most documents in this series were transcribed into
Colonial Land Grants (Copy Series).
HIERARCHICAL NOTE: Forms part of the records of Recorded Instruments of
the Secretary of State.